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Mental Health Guide for College Students

Mental Health Guide for College Students

If you or someone you know is experiencing thoughts of suicide, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (8255), text the Crisis Text Line at 741741, or call 911.

For a referral to specific mental health service or support program in your community contact Mental Health America by dialing 800-969-NMHA (6642).

Today’s college students face many varied difficulties. Traditional college students are adjusting to adult responsibilities, balancing work and school, and living with individuals from different cultural backgrounds and belief systems. Non-traditional college students, on the other hand, may be employed full-time and living with dependents other than their spouses or significant others. With so many pressures and responsibilities, they can experience serious anxiety, crippling depression, and even thoughts of suicide.

By age 25, 75 percent of those with a mental health disorder will have had their first onset, according to an article by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). For this reason, it is crucial for college students, parents, and college faculty to understand the various mental illnesses affecting college students today, the symptoms, and the importance of pursuing treatments.

Mental Health for College Students

The mental health statistics for college students are quite serious, which has fortunately gained the attention of colleges, nonprofits, and students themselves.

  • 75 percent of all mental health conditions begin by age 24
  • One in 12 U.S. college students makes a suicide plan
  • 49.5 percent of students report feeling hopeless
  • 60.5 percent report feeling lonely—a common indicator of depression
  • Two out of three students struggling with a mental illness do not seek treatment
  • 1,100 college students commit suicide every year
  • 94 percent of counseling center directors are seeing a trend of increasing numbers of students suffering from severe psychological issues on their campuses

What Are Students Experiencing? Five Most Common Mental Health Issues

In the past, typical challenges of college life included homesickness, career indecision, identity development, and roommate or romantic difficulties. Today, the difficulties being treated have grown arguably more serious—anxiety, depression, thoughts of suicide, and sexual assault.

Anxiety

In 2009, anxiety surpassed depression as the primary concern among college students and continues to increase.

Symptoms of anxiety include:

  • Nervousness
  • Trembling or muscle twitching
  • Weakness and lethargy
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Feelings of danger, dread, or panic
  • Insomnia
  • Digestive or gastrointestinal problems
  • Obsessing
  • Rapid breathing or hyperventilation

Depression

During the 2015-16 academic year, 41 percent of students visited a counseling center regarding concerns related to depression.

Symptoms of depression include:

  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Changes in sleep patterns, such as oversleeping or waking up earlier than usual
  • Loss of energy
  • Self-loathing
  • Reckless behavior
  • Anger or irritability
  • Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Unexplained aches and pains
  • Changes in appetite or weight

Relationship concerns

During the 2015-16 academic year, 34 percent of students visited a counseling center regarding relationship concerns.

The effects of relationship concerns on health include:

  • Anxiety – Can cause and be caused by relationship difficulties
  • Depression – Fraught relationships increase the risk of clinical depression
  • Alcohol use – Increased if a romantic partner drinks heavily
  • Difficulty sleeping – Relationship insecurity or conflict is associated with poorer sleep
  • Stress – Can be caused by the simplest of disputes
  • Weight gain – Dissatisfaction within the relationship can lead to passive-aggressive eating
  • Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness

Suicide

During the 2015-16 academic year, 20.5 percent of students visited a counseling center regarding thoughts of suicide.

Symptoms:

  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Loss of interest
  • Changes in sleeping patterns
  • Aggression
  • Giving things away
  • Loss of energy
  • Reckless behavior
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Changes in eating habits
  • Irritability
  • Withdrawal
  • Mood swings
  • Alcohol/drug usage
  • The effects on mental health
    • Depression
    • Flashbacks or reliving memories of past trauma
    • Post-traumatic stress disorder
    • Substance abuse or addiction
    • Dissociation or disconnecting awareness of trauma
    • Eating disorders, such as bulimia, anorexia, or binge eating
    • Sleeping disorders
    • Suicide or thoughts of suicide

Treatment

Denying or ignoring mental health symptoms can lead to chronic and persistent mental health problems. Unfortunately, for various reasons, college students avoid seeking treatment. Fear of personal stigma, lack of time, and not understanding the necessity of receiving help can keep students from the care and relief they need. However, those who do decide to visit their school’s counseling office can benefit significantly.

Facing Mental Health Stigma

For many, the fear of being stigmatized for receiving mental health counseling is a powerful deterrent. Fortunately, for college students, the majority—60 percent—of college-aged adults view seeing a mental health professional as a sign of strength, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America. Furthermore, a 2016 survey found that 72 percent of students who received counseling services said it helped their academic performance. Also, 65 percent of students who received help from a counseling center said the counseling helped them remain in school. So it isn’t a question of should college students receive help, it’s a matter of recognizing the signs.

Students should seek help if:

  • They are struggling- sharing a burden with someone else and receiving support can make a world of difference
  • The illness is interfering with daily activities - anxiety and worry can affect school work, social life, and even hygiene
  • They are abusing substances- coping with drugs or alcohol will only make the issue worse
  • They are experience thoughts of suicide- if they are performing suicidal behaviors, they should seek help immediately

How Online Students Can Seek Treatment

  • Confidential Conversation: Contact the school’s telephone support and speak to a qualified mental health professional or counselor.

  • Online Screenings: Visit the school’s website to find out if the health care center offers an online screening to identify any mental health disorders.
  • Local Community Resources: Speak to a social worker to find out about the programs offered in your local community for college students seeking mental health treatment and support.
  • National Hotlines: Seek help immediately if experiencing thoughts of suicide by calling the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (8255), by texting Crisis Text Line at 741741, or by calling 911.
  • Nonprofit Organizations: Take advantage of online resources provided by various nonprofit organizations such as The JED Foundation or the Active Minds.

How On-Campus Students Can Seek Treatment

  • Confidential Conversation: Request a confidential conversation with a resident advisor or talk to other trusted administrators such as the dean of student affairs, campus chaplain, or peer support specialist.
  • Campus Counseling: Contact the campus counseling or health center to schedule an appointment with a counselor or mental health professional.
  • Campus Organizations: Reach out to the campus leader of a mental health organization such as the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) or Active Minds.
  • National Hotlines: Seek help immediately if experiencing thoughts of suicide by calling the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-TALK (8255), by texting Crisis Text Line at 741741 or by calling 911.
  • Nonprofit organizations: Take advantage of online resources provided by various nonprofit organizations such as The JED Foundation or the Active Minds.

What to Expect When Seeking Help

More than a solution to a problem, or treatment for a mental illness—receiving help should be a journey marked by empathy and compassion. If you’re still hesitant about asking for help, here are a few reasons why it is important to seek out assistance when you are in need.

  • Personalized Attention - The negative effects of isolation have been heavily studied by researchers and psychologists. Loneliness has been shown to be linked to depression, social anxiety and addiction. For those who decide to seek help, the attention of an attuned individual is the beginning of a journey in the right direction.
  • Professionalism - It can be hard to describe troubling thoughts and feelings to a friend who doesn’t understand the intricacies of mental illness. With professional counseling or therapy, you can be sure that you will be receiving treatment and advice from a qualified individual.
  • Confidentiality - The fear of being judged can be a huge deterrent from talking about personal concerns with those closest to us. But choosing to trust a counselor or psychologist doesn’t have to be scary—these individuals place a high value on confidentiality with a client’s best interests at heart.
  • Compassion - An experienced mental health professional or a supportive friend will be key on the road to recovery, as they can provide much-needed compassion and kindness. According to an article by Psychology Today, “connecting with others in a meaningful way helps us enjoy better mental and physical health and speeds up recovery from disease.”

Additional Resources

Active Minds |http://www.activeminds.org/ A nonprofit organization that strives to be the voice of young adult mental health advocacy across the United States. With over 400 campus chapters, Active Minds is headquartered in Washington, D.C. Their website offers resources for students suffering from various mental health issues.

Love Is Louder |http://loveislouder.com/ A project of the JED Foundation with the goal of reaching students, campuses, and communities through partnerships with artists, organizations, and companies to promote the Love Is Louder message.

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) |http://www.dbsalliance.org/ A peer-based community dedicated to compassionately engaging with individuals suffering from depression and bipolar disorder. The non-profit also provides access to the latest research, advice on finding treatment, and other wellness tools.

National Alliance on Mental Illness |https://nami.org/collegeguide A useful guide with videos that help students understand the challenges faced in college and how they affect mental health. Also included is advice on talking to a health professional and making a treatment and recovery plan.

The JED Foundation |https://www.jedfoundation.org/ A nonprofit organization that seeks to protect the emotional health of the nation’s teens and young adults and prevent suicide by “partnering with high schools and colleges to strengthen their mental health, substance abuse, and suicide prevention programs and system.”

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) |https://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.shtml A branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, which is actively engaged in research and promoting mental health.

Transition Year |http://www.transitionyear.org/ A resource for parents and students to understand the challenges presented by college life and better transition from the responsibilities of being in high school to becoming a college student.

Ulifeline |http://www.ulifeline.org/ A project of The JED Foundation, ULifeline is an anonymous, confidential, online resource center where college students can search for information regarding emotional health.

Looking Ahead and Stepping Out

There’s no question that college students today are facing heavier burdens than generations past. The faster pace of life and the increased pressure to achieve affects all adults, but especially those transitioning from their teenage years. Fortunately, awareness of mental health concerns among college students is growing and mental health stigma is not as dissuading as before. The future of college students’ mental health will not be faced alone—but with qualified mental health professionals and supportive family and friends.

What impact will you make?

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